Murine Typhus

Murine typhus is classified as a febrile illness that has been eradicated from the United States since the1940s. The vector responsible for its transmission is a flea that infests rats and opossums. The main symptoms are similar to those of other common viral illnesses, including headache, fever, and rash (Doppler & Newton, 2020). After almost eight decades without any registered case of the disease, two people from Galveston, Texas, were diagnosed with murine typhus in April and October 2012. Another new case was reported in the same city in 2013 (Ruiz, Valcin, Keiser, & Blanton, 2020). Ever since, the Health Department of Galveston County has reported cases of the disease in the following four years. The number of cases attained a peak in 2018 with 40 new positive infections scattered throughout eight cities in the county (Ruiz et al., 2020). The rate varied to the maximum of 25%, where the most predominance took place in the months of June and July.

Since the disease is directly associated with the bite of fleas hosted by contaminated opossums and rats, it is more common in populations living in areas where the number of those mammalians is higher. For instance, murine typhus is more prevalent in cities such as Dickinson, Friendswood, Galveston, and Kemah compared to other regions in the county. More particularly, people that are more exposed to the natural habitat of those animals are more vulnerable to contract the disease. Hence, further increases in the number of cases could be avoided by means of ecological policies to preserve the environment occupied by the animals acting as vectors. Moreover, training medical professionals on diagnosis of murine typhus may help in preventing the transmission. Combined environmental and public health measures could address the resurgence of the infection.




My tripod of interests: Mathematics, Computer Science, and Content Writing.

Love podcasts or audiobooks? Learn on the go with our new app.

Recommended from Medium

Study Finds Cannabis Compounds Prevent Infection By Covid-19 Virus

Enormity of Virus

Study Reveals That More Than Half of COVID’s Contagions Could be Caused by Asymptomatic People

Covid-19: 16 die, 930 infected, 235 recover in 24 hours

Prof Dr Nasima Sultana

Overlooked Receptors in Covid-19: What ACE2 Alone Cannot Explain

What will it take to end the COVID-19 pandemic?

Are Hispanics dying from COVID-19 at faster rates?

Buckingham Palace eases concerns over Queen’s Covid case

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store
Thiago Nascimento

Thiago Nascimento

My tripod of interests: Mathematics, Computer Science, and Content Writing.

More from Medium

Perfect Planet, the first meta-universe interstellar exploration chain game from Japan’s Soldier…

Varjo Aero and Triple Monitors

Trisha Bantigue on Co-Founding Queenly

ASA Asset Transfers